What is a Civil Case?
A civil case, commencing with the submission of a plaint to the Court, whether such plaint is made orally or in writing, is the case where there are unsettled disputes, arguments, or accusations with regard to personal rights in general, for instance, a plaint requesting the borrower and the surety to perform their obligations under the loan and the suretyship agreement, and a claim for eviction of a tenant from the leased premise. The purpose thereof is to enforce the defendant to perform his or her obligation, to act or to restrain from certain action for the benefit of the plaintiff, not to impose physical punishment on the defendant, for instance, imprisonment or detention, or to impose monetary sanction on the defendant's property, for instance, fine or forfeiture of property.
Besides the aforementioned disputes, arguments or accusations, civil cases also include the case where any third person is legally required to file an application with the Court for acknowledgement and protection of his or her rights, for instance, an application for the Court's order with respect to the ownership of a land with title deed, acquired through peaceful and open possession of such property, and with the intention to be its owner, for an uninterrupted period of ten years, or a request for administering the estate of the deceased.
The next blog is the expense incurred during a civil case proceeding.
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Credit: Court of Justice